The High Line

Last Updated September 16, 2014

A one-of-a-kind experience, built on a long abandoned railway in the Chelsea neighborhood of Manhattan. It's a delightful combination of wild, natural foliage, original and restored rails, breath-taking views, benches and areas to relax and lose yourself in the beauty and achievement that is the High Line.

Overview

In 2009, Friends of the High Line Co-Founders Joshua David and Robert Hammond together with Mayor Bloomberg and other government and community luminaries proudly opened the first section of the highly-anticipated and much touted High Line. A new, unique public space built on top of a 1930s-era elevated rail line hovering 30 feet above Manhattan’s West Side. It’s the first public park of its kind in the United States. And the opening of the first half-mile section is the culmination of more than three years of construction and ten years of planning.

You can get onto the High Line from Gansevoort Street, 14th, 16th, 18th and 20th Street and is open for all to enjoy. The High Line is fully ADA-accessible, with an elevator at 16th and 14th Street. Get more information on The High Line's hours and park rules at the NYC Department of Parks & Recreation.

There is continued, ongoing construction, horticulture work and improvements. The design welcomes visitors with its wild, self-seeded landscape, over 210 species that grew up naturally on the High Line when the trains stopped running in 1980. It retains the original railroad tracks from the industrial structure and restored steel elements including its signature art deco railings. An integrated system of concrete pathways, seating areas and special features blend with naturalistic planting areas to create singularly sensational landscape. There are new, often unexpected views of the City and the Hudson River. Pebbles along the concrete walkways unify the trail, which swells and constricts, swinging from side to side, meandering its way along the river.

The first section will be followed by the completion of construction and public opening of Section 2, from 20th Street to 30th Street, in 2010. Construction of the Section 1 and 2 has created 344 new construction jobs.

Costs:

  • Section 1 and 2 - $152.3 million
  • Design and construction of opened area - $86.2 million

Funding:

  • $112.2 million from the City
  • $20.3 million from the Federal Government
  • $400,000 from the State
  • Remaining funds will be raised privately by Friends of the High Line
  • To date Friends of the High Line have raised $44 million

Past and Present

Prior to its transformation, the line was in a state of complete disrepair, even though the elevated structure was basically sound. Natural wild grasses, indigenous plants, and rugged trees such as sumac grew wild along the structure. During the Giuliani administration it was slated for demolition.

In 1999, area residents Joshua David and Robert Hammond started a community group, Friends of the High Line, dedicated to turning the High Line into an elevated park - greenway, similar to the beautiful Promenade plantée in Paris.

In 2002, the Bloomberg Administration backed the project when it filed with the United States Surface Transportation Board requesting authorization to create a rail banked trail on the site.  The Surface Transportation Board granted a Certificate of Interim Trail Use in June 2005. 

The High Line structure south of 30th Street was donated to the City of New York by CSX Transportation, Inc., in November 2005. Construction began on the High Line’s transformation into a public park in 2006.
 
The design team is led by James Corner Field Operations, with Diller Scofidio Renfro, Piet Oudolf, and consultants in lighting design, structural engineering, and many other disciplines. The design team was selected through a competition held by the City of New York and Friends of the High Line in 2004.
 
Much of the park lies within the West Chelsea Special District, a zoning area specially created by the City in June 2005 that has fostered development along the High Line and in the West Chelsea neighborhood.

The rezoned area has provided opportunities for new residential and commercial development, facilitated the reuse of the High Line as a unique park, created and maintained affordable housing, and enhanced the neighborhood’s art gallery district. 
 
Since the rezoning, a total of 1,374 new housing units—132 of which are affordable units—and just under 500,000 square feet of commercial office space were completed or put into construction from Gansevoort Street to 30th Street.

A total of 33 new housing, commercial, retail, non-profit and gallery projects are completed, in construction, or in the planning stage as a result of the new economic development opportunities provided by the High Line.

Going Forward

Beyond the completion of Section 2, NYCEDC and Department of Cultural Affairs are finalizing a land sale contract with the Whitney Museum of American Art that will lead to the creation of a major cultural anchor to the High Line at Gansevoort Street.

The New Whitney Museum, designed by Pritzker Prize-winning architect Renzo Piano, is to be located at the southern tip of the High Line. Approval of this project pursuant to the City’s Uniform Land Use Review Procedure (ULURP) occurred in September 2008.

Before & After Transformation

before
Photo Credit: SiteWorks
before
Photo Credit: SiteWorks
before
Photo Credit: SiteWorks
before
Photo Credit: SiteWorks
before
Photo Credit: SiteWorks
before
Photo Credit: SiteWorks

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